Data Center Cooling System – Natural Cooling

A Data Center Cooling System can use many different technologies. This includes traditional technologies like powered exhaust and air conditioning, to newer and revisited technologies like adiabatic natural cooling and natural ventilation. While all of these solutions won’t work in all environments, finding the right solution is vital.

New Data Center Cooling System

Improvements in computing equipment and in system cooling have changed the game for data center cooling. With some vendors now suggesting a tolerable temperature of 90 degrees Fahrenheit or more for their equipment, this opens new options for data center cooling. Of course temperature requirements, building size, heat load, and external climate are also factors.

The low energy use and minimal resource requirements make natural ventilation and natural adiabatic cooling more attractive data center ventilation solutions.

Adiabatic Cooling

DeltaStream Natural adiabatic cooling unit

Natural Cooling units, like the Moffitt DeltaStream, use adiabatic cooling to lower the temperature in a space. Similar to evaporative cooling, adiabatic cooling introduces water to cool the air. The water lowers the temperature of the air which is then introduced into the space with the computer equipment.

Adiabatic Cooling is a much more affordable option than air conditioning, and at times equally effective at maintaining a consistent temperature. Moreover, natural cooling is even more effective when its tied into a building automation system and used in conjunction with natural ventilation. That means that intake, exhaust, and cooling, all work together to ensure proper air flow as its needed.

Natural Ventilation

Natural Ventilation is a great fit for data centers. The free-air opening allows the warm air to rise up and out of the facility, away from the equipment. Supported by intake louvers at the side-wall, a natural air-flow path is created. This provides non-powered, natural air movement throughout the day.

A proper Natural Ventilation Solution in a Data Center must take into account a number of factors. This includes air-quality, exterior temperatures, humidity, air-flow, heat-load, and more. Some factors, like air quality, can be resolved with optional add-ons like filters. Other issues, like temperatures and humidity, come into play when selecting a location for a facility. Finally, factors like air-flow and heat-load are taken into account when designing a natural ventilation system.

Data Center Natural Ventilation & Cooling

In conclusion, there are many different ways to cool a data center. Considering all of the options, and finding the best one for your building, can make a world of difference. Furthermore, talking to expert ventilation designers, like the team at Moffitt, can ensure your system works as intended. It takes experience to design an effective natural system. A poorly designed system can push air in the wrong direction or let heat pile up in inconvenient spots. The team at Moffitt can help you find the natural solution for your facility.

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